CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material : History – Early Medieval India

CAPF-AC (Assistant Commandant) Exam Study Material :
History – Early Medieval India

History : Early Medieval India

Dynasties emerged from the
mobilization of warriors inside and around farming communities; but they also
came from pastoral, hunting, and mountain societies. It is accepted that there
is a period of overlap during which one phase blends into the other. This
interim period is now called “early medieval India”, with the medieval period,
properly speaking, regarded as beginning with the establishment of Turkish rule
in Delhi in A.D. 1206. Multiple sovereignties formed ranked layers as a king
(raja) became a great king (maharaja) or “king of kings” (maharajadhiraja) by
adding the names of more subordinate rulers (samantas) to the list of those who
bowed to him.


  • The interregnum between the
    death of Harsha in the mid-seventh century A.D. and the rise of the Delhi
    Sultanate nearly six hundred years later is often viewed as a tedious epoch
    in Indian history, with few redeeming features.

  • The opening of the eighth
    century witnessed the ascendancy of Yashovarman in Kanauj. A reputed
    warrior, he is even said to have allied with China against the growing power
    of the Arabs.

  • He is also remembered as the
    patron of the great Sanskrit litterateur, Bhababhutti, as well as Vakpati,
    composer of the Prakrit poem, Gaudavaho (“Slaying of the king of Gauda”).

  • In the eighth century,
    Lalitaditya of Kashmir made the Karkota dynasty the most powerful in India
    since that of the Guptas. He routed the Arabs of Sind and established his
    mastery over Kanauj, and was also the builder of the magnificent Martand

  • The great monarchs of the line
    included Indra, Dantidurga, and Krishna who built the famous rock-cut
    Kailash temple at Ellora. The dynasty entered a new phase with the accession
    of Dhruv, who launched its northern expansionist drive.

  • Several tribal groups made the
    transition from pastoral economies to settled agriculture, as a consequence
    of which agrarian society was considerably expanded.

  • Local and tribal forces also
    began to contribute to state formation. In Orissa, for instance, the
    Shailodbhavas, who came down from the Mahendragiri mountains and settled
    near the Rishikulya river, established a kingdom in the central regions.

  • The great Sankaracharya renewed
    Vedanta philosophy and incorporated several doctrinal and organisational
    features of Buddhism and Jainism into Hinduism.

  • He organised the sanayasis into
    ten Orders and established four spiritual centres at Badrinath. Puri. Dwarka
    and Sringeri.

  • The great Bhakti saints
    included Appar, Sambandar and Manikkavasagare whose writings were collected
    in the Tirumurai, known as the Tamil Veda.

सशस्त्र पुलिस बल (सहायक कमांडेंट) के लिये स्टडी किट

Study Kit for Central Armed Police Forces(AC)

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