Daily Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013 National Issues – Topic: “Evergreen Hornbills”

Daily Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013

Chapter: National Issues

Topic: Evergreen Hornbills

Q. How many species of hornbills are found in India and what
are the concerns about them?

Ans. Nine species of these
large birds are found in India, mainly in the Northeast and the Western ghats;
Narcondam island in the Andamans hosts the critically endangered Narcondam
hornbill. Accelerating habitat loss threatens its future.
It is protected at the highest level under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection
Act. However, hunting has depleted populations.
In the Western Ghats, the proposed hydroelectric project at Athirapilly across
the Chalakudy River will destroy precious landscape sheltering the species, and
three others — the Malabar pied, the Malabar grey, and Indian grey hornbills.
This area is part of the Athirapilly-Vazhachal-Chalakudy riverine region, a
biodiversity hotspot.
The abundance of hornbill species depends heavily on the availability of
suitable fruit and nesting trees.
Hornbill conservation must proceed along the twin paths of weaning away tribal
hunters. Through the provision of substitutes, and nursing forest fragments back
to health using science.

The above Contents are the part of our on going programme of Special Current
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    India Year Book & Economic Survey, Government Plans Programme &
    Policies, Important Materials on Environment & Ecology
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