(IGP) GS Paper 1 – Indian Polity & Governance – “Citizenship In India”

Integrated Guidance Programme of General Studies for IAS

Subject – Indian Polity & Governance
Chapter – Citizenship In India

There are two classes of people in any country- citizens and aliens.
Citizens enjoy all rights and entitlements while aliens (owing political
allegiance to another country or government) are denied some of them.

What is Asylum ?

  • Asylum is the legal protection granted to people in any
    country who are afraid to return to their home country.

  • Expelling an alien is called deportation.

What is Domicile

Domicile means to stay in a country with the intention of
making it his or her permanent home.

What is Resident ?

Resident is one who resided in the country for certain number
of days- 182 days in the previous fiscal year as the Indian law defines.

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Modes of Acquiring Indian Citizenship:

Citizenship of India can be acquired by the following ways

  • By Birth
  • By descent
  • By registration
  • By naturalization
  • By acquisition of territory

Loss of Citizenship:

It is based on the following grounds

  • Voluntary
  • Involuntary


One who has left a native country, especially for political reasons.

Expatriate (expat)

One who has left his country voluntarily

Stateless Persons

A stateless person is one with no citizenship or nationality.


Refugee is defined as a person who is outside his/her country and is unable
or unwilling to return to that country because of a genuine fear that she/he
will be persecuted because of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or
membership of a particular social group. 

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