(IGP) GS Paper 1 – Indian Polity & Governance – “Preamble”

Integrated Guidance Programme of General Studies for IAS

Subject – Indian Polity & Governance
Chapter – Preamble

What is Preamble ?

Preamble contains the essence of the Constitution- its values
and goals. It is a microcosm of the Constitution.

“Preambular value” of the Indian Constitution


Sovereignty is a characteristic of government. It means that
there is no authority above the government either outside or inside the country.


The word ‘socialist’ was added to the Preamble by the 42nd
Amendment Act in 1976. Socialism means ownership of productive forces by the
Government so that they benefit people equitably.


Secularism means separation of religion from politics.
Religion is private while politics is public.

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Democracy means rule by people.


Republic is a political order in which the supreme power lies
in a body of citizens. Will of people is the basis for governance. Public
offices are thrown open to all citizens It also means a country where the Head
of State is elected and is not a hereditary institution like the monarchy in


Justice is a concept involving the fair and moral treatment
of all persons, both in the formulation and enforcement of law.


Liberty is derived from the Latin word ‘liber’ which means
freedom from slavery, imprisonment etc.


Equality of status means equal treatment under law,
independent of one’s status.


Fraternity means common brotherhood of all Indians.

Importance of Preamble

Its primary utility lies in assist in clarify the essential character of
the Constitution to judiciary in case of ambiguity in the Constitution.

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