(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013 – PIB “Topic: Children’s Right to Protection – Emerging Structures and Mechanisms”

(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013

Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Bureau Articles

Topic: Children’s Right to Protection –
Emerging Structures and Mechanisms

Q. What types of issues which are being faced by children?

Issues facing such children are manifold and include:

  • child labour and child abuse;
  • displacement and unsafe migration;
  • trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation,
  • domestic work,
  • beggary,
  • organ trade and
  • Pornography.

Q. What are the core objectives of ‘Protection of Sexual Offences against
Children?

Besides, the National Commission on Protection of Child has
been working since 2007 to address the issue of violation of Child Rights’. The
Ministry, of late, has introduced a Bill in the Parliament on Protection of
Sexual Offences against Children.

Q. Which law primarily provides for structures and procedures necessary for
ensuring the well-being of children?

The primary law for the care of protection of children is
‘the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000’ which
provides for structures and procedures necessary for ensuring the well-being of
little understanding of the needs of children and addressing them was not a
priority of all concerned.

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Q. What is Integrated Child Protection Scheme?

The Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) was introduced w.e.f. 2009-10
to address this need for a comprehensive country –wide programme to enable
creation of a safe environment for children, which is conducive to their growth
and development, was, thus, keenly felt.

Q. What are the specifications of Integrated Child Protection Scheme?

  • ICPS has brought several piecemeal child protection programmes namely (i)
    A Programme for Juvenile Justice; (ii) An Integrated Programme for Street
    Children; and (iii) Scheme for Assistance to Homes [Shishu Greh] to Promote
    In -country Adoption, under one umbrella with enhanced norms and introduced
    new interventions.
  • The Scheme inter alia aspires to reduce the vulnerability of children to
    abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment and separation from their
    families.
  • ICPS is holistic in nature and besides creating legal and
    administrative structures for taking care of the children and, thus,
    accelerating the implementation of the JJ Act, supports setting up of Homes
    for providing them quality care, promoting non-institutional care and
    setting up of a Child Tracking System including a website for missing
    children.

Q. What services are fall under ICPS?

The services which are being strengthened/introduced and provided support
under ICPS are:

  • Institutional Care: To improve the quality of Institutional Care,
    financial assistance is being provided for construction, upgradation and
    maintenance of Shelter homes, Children’s homes, Observation homes and
    Special homes set up under the JJ Act and Specialized services for children
    with special needs (disabled & children affected by HIV/AIDS. 1199 homes of
    various kinds are already supported under the Scheme. After Care services
    for children leaving the Homes on attaining the age of 18 years are also
    provided for under ICPS.
  • Non institutional care: Several non-institutional
    mechanisms such as Adoption, Foster Care, Sponsorship and also community
    based safe spaces for care and rehabilitation such as open shelters in urban
    and semi urban areas provided for under the Scheme. These will emerge to
    play a major role in the care and protection of children with little or no
    family care. 143 Specialised Adoption Agencies and 104 Open Shelters are
    already functioning under the Scheme.

  • Emergency out-reach services: ‘CHILDLINE’ 1098, a dedicated telephone
    outreach helpline for children, is being extended under the Scheme to new
    locations and will cover the entire country in a phased manner. The number
    of locations covered by Childline has doubled in the last two years and the
    service is now available in 164 cities/districts across the country.
  • Child Tracking System: Another major initiative under ICPS is the
    establishing of a Child Tracking System, a web enabled MIS on all children
    accessing protection services, including a website for missing children, to
    address glaring gaps in data related to protection of children.

Q. How many Statutory & Service Delivery Structures are being established
under ICPS?

The Scheme also strengthens statutory services/structures
such as Child Welfare Committees and Juvenile Justice Boards which are to be set
up under the JJ Act to ensure the child’s right to justice and protection.
Considerable progress has been made under ICPS in establishing these statutory
bodies. 548 Child Welfare Committees (240 before introduction of the Scheme) and
561 Juvenile Justice Boards (211 before introduction of ICPS) have so far been
established all over the country.

Q. Which bodies are set under ICPS to ensure quality of services?

To ensure that proper focus is maintained on child
protection, and quality of services is up to the mark, the Scheme places
emphasis on creating a service delivery network, exclusively for child
protection, which would cover the entire country. These include:

  • The Central Project Support Unit at the Central level,
  • Child Protection Societies at State and District levels and
  • State Adoption Resource Agencies for implementation at the ground level.

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