(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013 – PIB “Topic : Communal Harmony”

(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013

Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Bureau Articles

Topic: Communal Harmony

Q. National Integration Council (NIC)?

The National Integration Council (NIC) was established in
1960s; comprising of prominent members of various sections of society, besides
several union ministers and chief ministers of states, has been meeting
regularly, to discuss and sort out the issues of discord. Since the decision
makers at the Centre and the States are members of the council, a patient
hearing is given to the grievances of various sections of society.

Q. National Foundation for Communal Harmony?

National Foundation for Communal Harmony constituted in 1992.
The vision of the National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH) is to have
India free from communal and all other forms of violence, where all citizens
especially children & youth live together in peace & harmony.

It provides financial assistance to the child victims of
societal violence for their care, education & training, aimed at their effective
rehabilitation. It promotes communal harmony and national integration by
organizing variety of activities either independently or in association with
State Governments, NGOs & other organizations. It confers awards for outstanding
contribution to promotion of communal harmony and national integration.

It undertakes activities to highlight and strengthen the
bonds of unity and affinity between different religious groups in the country,
and encourages activities to promote belief in the principles of non-violence in
resolving disputes.

Q. Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act 1991?

The Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act 1991, is the
law to prohibit conversion of any place of worship and to provide for the
maintenance of the religious character of any place of worship as it existed on
the 15th day of August, 1947.

According to it, no religious institution or manager thereof
shall use or allow the use of any premises belonging to the institution for the
promotion or propagation of any political activity or for the harbouring of any
person accused or convicted of an offence under any law for the time being in
force.

No arms or ammunition can be stored, nor can it erect or put
up any construction or fortification, including basements, bunkers, towers or
walls without a valid licence or permission. Such premises can’t be used for the
carrying on of any unlawful or subversive act prohibited under any law, or for
the doing of any act which promotes or attempts to promote disharmony or
feelings of enmity, hatred or ill- will between different religious, racial,
language or regional groups or castes or communities.

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