(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013 – PIB “Topic : NASA Confirms Chandrayan’s Discovery of Water on Moon”

(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013

Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Bureau Articles

Topic: NASA Confirms Chandrayan’s
Discovery Of Water On Moon

Q. What is the contribution of M3 in discovering water on

  • The discovery of water on moon was till recently
    attributed to NASA’s Moon Mineralogy M a pp e r, M 3 on board India’s
    Chandrayan space craft. It was claimed that the instrument detected water on
    moon’s polar region on 14 November 2008 while the space craft was rotating
    the earth’s natural satellite in a 100 kilo meter circular orbit.

  • It took the MIP 25 minutes after it was detached from the
    orbiting space craft to reach the moon’s surface. During that time before
    hard landing on moon’s surface, the MIP radioed all the information to
    Chandrayan which it instantly recorded in its onboard memory for reading out
    later. With the MIP’s sending of information to Chandrayan, India’s very
    first attempt to send a lunar probe was successfully concluded.  


The MIP, a 34 kg box shaped object carried the Chandra
Altitudinal Composition Explorer, CHANCE which had three devices, a video
imaging instrument, a radar altimeter and a mass spectrometer. When the news
that the NASA had confirmed the MIP’s discovery of water on moon broke out,
there was jubilation in ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre where CHANCE was

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