(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013 – PIB “Topic:Empowering The Workers”

(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013

Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Bureau Articles

Topic: Empowering The Workers

Q. What are the main features of Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)?

  • The ‘Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana’ providing for smart card based
    cashless health insurance cover of Rs.30000/- per annum on a family floater
    basis to BPL families (a unit of five) in the unorganized sector, was
    formally launched on October, 1, 2007 and became operational from April 1,
    2008.
  • It covers of all pre-existing diseases and hospitalisation expenses,
    including maternity benefit, plus payment of transportation cost of Rs.100/-
    per visit.
  • As per the salient features of the scheme the Government contributes 75%
    of the annual premium. State Governments contribute 25%. In case of
    North-East region and Jammu & Kashmir, the premium is shared in the ratio of
    90:10; the beneficiary family pays Rs. 30 per annum per family as
    registration or renewal fee.
  • The Scheme is being implemented in 24 States/Union Territories and more
    than 2.57 crore smart cards have been issued.

Q. Which types of other workers also have been covered under Rashtriya
Swasthya Bima Yojana?

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana has also been extended to building and other
construction workers registered under the Building and other Construction
Workers (Regulation of Employment and Condition of Service) Act, 1996 and street
vendors, beedi workers, MGNREGA beneficiaries (who have worked for more than 15
days during the preceding financial year and domestic workers.

Q. What do you know about Employees State Insurance (ESI) Scheme?

  • The promulgation of Employees’ State Insurance Act, by
    the Parliament, in 1948, was the first comprehensive Social Security
    legislation in independent India.

  • The Act envisages social protection for workers in the
    organised sector in contingencies, such as sickness, maternity, disablement and
    death due to employment injury.

  • Besides, adequate cash compensation to insured persons for
    loss of wages or earning capacity in times of physical distress arising out of
    sickness or employment injury is also provided. Under the scheme medical care is
    also provided to families of the insured persons.

  • The ESI Act applies to non-seasonal factories employing 10 or
    more persons. The provisions of the Act are being brought into force area-wise
    in stages.

  • The Act contains an enabling provision under which the
    “appropriate government” is empowered to extend the provisions of the Act to
    other classes of establishments- industrial, commercial, agricultural or
    otherwise.

  • Under these provisions, the State Governments have extended
    the provisions of the Act to shops, hotels, restaurants, cinemas including
    preview theatres, road motor transport undertakings, newspaper establishments,
    educational and medical institutions employing 20 or more employees.

  • Thirteen State governments have reduced the threshold for
    coverage of shops and establishments to 10 or more persons. Employees of
    factories and establishments covered under the Act drawing monthly wages upto
    Rs.15, 000/- per month are covered under the Scheme. Under the Act, the
    employers are required to pay contribution at the rate of 4.75 percent of wages
    of the covered employees.

  • The rate of contribution for the employees is 1.75 percent of
    their wages. Low paid workers drawing wages upto Rs.100/- per day are exempted
    from paying their share of contribution. However, the employers are required to
    pay their share of contribution. The State Governments bear 1/8th of the
    expenditure on medical care.

  • Cash benefits are provided through a network of 610 Branch
    Offices and 187 Pay Offices. In addition, 374 Inspection Offices are functioning
    under 23 Regional Offices, 26 Sub-Regional Offices and 2 Divisional Offices.

  • As per the provision of Section 58 of the ESI Act, State
    Government is the designated agency for delivery and administering medical care
    to the beneficiaries except for Delhi, Noida and Model Hospitals wherein ESIC is
    directly providing medical services. For providing a uniform level of medical
    care, the Corporation, as per the provisions of Section 58(3) of the Act, enters
    into agreement with the State Governments and the expenditure on medical care is
    reimbursed within the prescribed ceiling which is presently Rs.1200/- per IP
    family unit per annum w.e.f. 01.04.2008.

  • The delivery of medical care is through a service (direct) as
    well as a panel (indirect) system. The direct system functions through a network
    of Hospitals (146), annexes (42), dispensaries (1402), ISM Units (93). A total
    of 1447 panel doctors were engaged in providing primary medical services through
    the indirect system.

Q. What are the main features of government’s Skill
Development Initiative (SDI) Scheme?

  • In pursuance of excellence in vocational training, a new
    strategic framework for skill development for early school leavers and
    existing workers has been developed since May, 2007 in close consultation
    with industry, State Governments and experts.

  • The Scheme offers multi- entry and multi-exit options,
    flexible delivery schedule and lifelong learning. Modular Employable Skills (MES)
    Framework envisaged under this Scheme involves the ‘minimum skills set’ which is
    sufficient for gainful employment. Emphasis in the curricula is also on soft
    skills.

  • Courses are also available for persons having completed 5th
    standard and attained the age of 14 years. Central government is facilitating
    and promoting training while industry, private sector and State Governments are
    associated with training the persons through Vocational Training Providers.

  • At present, 1386 Modules for employable skills covering 60
    sectors have been developed, 36 Assessing Bodies empanelled for conducting
    assessment, 6,753 Vocational Training Providers (VTPs) have been registered and
    more than 12.19 lakh persons have been trained.

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