(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013 – PIB “Topic:Improving The Justice Delivery System In The Country”

(IGP) Special Current Affairs Material for IAS (Pre) 2013

Chapter: Gist of Press Information
Bureau Articles

Topic: Improving The Justice Delivery
System In The Country

Q. What are the initiatives have been taken to improve justice delivery
system?

Some of the initiatives which have been taken to improve justice delivery
system are as follows:

  • The disposal of cases has been accelerated by undertaking
    special drives, the recent one being from 1st July, 2011 to 31st December,
    2011. Of late, the Government has set up a National Mission for Justice
    Delivery and Legal Reforms which will be addressing the issues of delays and
    arrears in the judicial system as well enforcing better accountability at
    all levels through a variety of methods which will include setting and
    monitoring of performance standard, enhancement of capacity through training
    at various levels etc.

  • Fast Track Courts were constituted as per the
    recommendations of the 11th Finance Commission. As per the reports received,
    1192 fast track courts were functional in the country as on 31.3.2011.
    Nearly 33 lakh cases were disposed of by the fast track courts over a period
    of 11 years of central assistance from 2000-01 to 2010-11. (i) Increasing
    the number of court working hours using the existing infrastructure by
    holding morning / evening / shift courts;

  • Under the central sector scheme of Computerization of the
    District and Subordinate Courts (e-Courts Project) in the country and for
    up-gradation of the ICT infrastructure of the Supreme Court and the High
    Courts, a total of 9,914 courts (out of 14,229 courts) have been
    computerized in the country as on 31.03.2012. Remaining courts will be
    computerized by 31.3.2014. In the second phase, digitization, library
    management, e-filing and establishment of data warehouse are expected to be
    added to the ongoing computerization and citizen-centric services.

  • The Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 has been enacted for
    establishment of Gram Nyayalayas at the grassroots level for providing
    access to justice to citizens at their doorstep. As per the information
    received from the State Governments a total of 153 Gram Nyayalayas have
    already been notified so far. Out of these, 151 Gram Nyayalayas have already
    started functioning. An amount of Rs. 25.39 crore has been released to the
    State Governments for establishment of Gram Nyayalayas during last three
    years.

  • A Centrally Sponsored Scheme for development of
    infrastructure facilities for the judiciary is being implemented since
    1993-94 under which central assistance for construction of court buildings
    and residential quarters for judicial officers is released to augment the
    resources of the State Governments. The expenditure on the scheme is shared
    by the Centre and the State Governments on 75:25 basis, except for States in
    North East Region, which is on 90:10 basis.

  • For legal empowerment of the marginalized people in
    India, an externally aided Project ‘Access to Justice for Marginalized
    People in India’ is being implemented in the selected 7 States, with the
    support of UNDP. These 7 States are: Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya
    Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The interventions under the
    Project are focused on strengthening access to justice for the poor,
    particularly women, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and minorities. The
    Project seeks, on the one hand, to improve the institutional capacities of
    key justice service providers to enable them to effectively serve the poor
    and disadvantaged. On the other hand, it aims to directly empower the poor
    and disadvantaged men and women to seek and demand justice services.

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