(Online Cours) CAPF Assistant Commandant: History – Social Condition

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(Assistant Commandant)

History : Social Condition

Social Condition


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  • During the 18th century the social and religious
    condition of India was no better than its political condition.While Europe
    during the said period was passing through the process of enlightenment and
    renaissance. India was given to social apathy and inertness.

  • Social rigidity and out-of-date customs had become the
    conspicuous features of the 18th century India. Retrogressive rituals and
    superstitions had taken deep roots.

  • There was always the fear of being ostracised for violating
    the caste rules. The practice of untouchability, another social evil, was a
    result of this rigid caste system.

  • The position of women in the 18th century India was likewise
    poor and pitiable owing to various social and religious restrictions imposed on
    them. Prepuberty marriage of the girl child was one such practice. As a result,
    not only the girls were deprived of proper education and healthcare but also
    fell victim to early widowhood.

  • Another cruel social practice was sati. Under this practice,
    women were forced to commit sati by burning themselves on the funeral pyres of
    their dead husbands. The system of purdah, was one more evil practice. The
    practice was not very popular among the lower caste working women both in the
    rural as well as the urban areas and among the women in southern India.

  • Birth of a girl child came to be regarded as unfortunate
    among many Hindu castes. Hence, inhuman and cruel practices like female
    infanticide also became popular.

  • The system of devadasi prevalent in some temples of the
    Madras Presidency and Orissa presented one more pathetic instance of the
    condition of women in contemporary India.

  • They were not entitled to own property. Hence, the life of
    women remained mired in ignorance, illiteracy and poverty.

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