# (Online Course) CSAT Paper – II : Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability: Deriving Conclusion

## Deriving Conclusion

Under this, the questions may consist of a brief passage
followed by certain inferences based on it. These passages are based on social
or economic conditions. Candidates must note that it is very important for
them to possess logical skills, comprehension capacity and ability for
interpretation. They must be skillful enough to comprehend the full implications
of the passage and arrive at the correct answer. It is expected of the students
to acquire as much knowledge as possible of phrasal verbs, vocabulary and
nuances of the English language.

In this type of questions a passage is given on any topic followed by
conclusions in the form of statements. A candidate is required to mark out the
(i) Mark (a) if the statement is definitely true.
(ii) Mark (b) if the statement is probably true, though not definitely
true.
(iii) Mark (c) if the conclusions is neither true nor false because the
data given in the passage are inadequate.
(v) Mark (d) if the conclusion is definitely false.

A candidate must note that all these conclusions are to be arrived at in the
light of what has been discussed in the passage.

In the following passage the methodology will be discussed as to how to opt
for right option-{a, b, c, d) which a candidate is expected to select for a
given conclusion.

For the sake of the convenience of the candidate, each option mentioned above
will be discussed and analyzed in detail in the light of the passages given
below.

## Example’s

Directions (Q. Nos. 1 to 4) Read the following passage and examine
each inference given below it in the context of this passage. Mark your answer
as
(a) if the inference is ‘definitely true’
(b) if the inference is ‘probably true’
(c) if the ‘data provided is inadequate’
(d) if the inference is `definitely false’

In the commodities business size does matter. This is common
wisdom. The Indian sugar industry, the second largest in the world after Brazil,
number of mills going bankrupt, a situation exacerbated by a slew of government
controls -which are, meaningfully, getting diluted since August 1998. Its now
been more than seven-and-a-half years since the industry was delicensed.

No official permission is required either to build a new factory or for
Brownfield expansion plan, except that there must not be any violation of
command area norms. Even then, there aren’t many who have the capacity to play
the volumes game at the cyclic sugar business.

1. India has not yet been able to consolidate its firm stand in the
international sugar market.
2. At present the Indian sugar industry has been made considerably free from
Government controls.
3. Prior to 1998, Indian sugar industry was considerably lower in the world
ranking of large nations.
4. Most of the bankrupt sugar mills in India are funded by the Govt to revive
their units.

## Solutions.

1. (a) If we go through the passage then we find it is the real
concern of the passage. Hence, India has not yet been able to consolidate its
firm stand in the international sugar market.
2. (b) According to the passage since August 1998, government control on
sugar mills is getting diluted. But we do not know how much the government
control has been diluted.
3. (c) There is no such information regarding the position of the Indian
sugar industry (prior to August 1998) in the world ranking of large nations.
4. (c) There is no such information that we can say most of the bankrupt
sugar mills in India are funded by the Govt. to revive their units.