(Online Course) Essay Writing Skills Improvement Programme: Essays on Philosophical – Many Species, One Planet, One Future

Part E – Essays on Philosophical & Quotation based issues

Many Species, One Planet, One Future

“Many Species, One Planet, One Future” has been decided as
the theme for World Environment Day (WED)-2010 by United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP), held on June 05, 2010 in Kigali of Rwanda, the East African
country. This year’s theme is ‘Many Species. One Planet. One Future.’ – a
message focusing on the central importance to humanity of the globe’s wealth of
species and ecosystems. The WED theme also supports this year’s UN International
Year of Biodiversity. Millions of people and millions of species all share the
same planet, and only together we enjoy a safer and more prosperous future, the
most important thing is to give a helping hand to the amazing variety of life on
our planet.

A total of 17,291 species are known to be threatened with
extinction – from obscure plants and insects to well-known birds and mammals.
Also many species disappear before they are even discovered. What’s the reason?
Human activities. With our present approach to development, we have caused the
clearing of much of the original forest, drained half of the world’s wetlands,
depleted three quarters of all fish stocks, and emitted enough heat-trapping
gases to keep our planet warming for centuries to come. We have put our foot on
the accelerator, making species’ extinctions occur at up to 1,000 times the
natural rate. As a result, we are increasingly risking the loss of the very
foundation of our own survival. There are also environmental trends that
threaten to radically alter the planet, that threaten the lives of many species
upon it including the human species. Each year another 6.0 million hectares of
productive dry land turns into worthless desert. Over three decades, this would
amount to an area roughly as large as Saudi Arabia. More than 11 million
hectares of forests are yearly destroyed. Like rebellious children, humankind
has set itself against Mother Nature. For our survival, we must make peace and
beg Her forgiveness.

With our present approach to development, we have caused the
clearing of much of the original forests, drained half of the world’s wetlands,
depleted three quarters of the fish stocks, and emitted enough heat-trapping
gases to keep our planet warming for centuries to come.

As a result, we are increasingly risking the loss of the very
foundation of our own survival. The variety of life on our planet – known as
‘biodiversity’ – gives us our food, clothes, fuel, medicines and much more. When
even one species is taken out of this intricate web of life, the result can be
catastrophic. For this reason, the United Nations has declared 2010, the
International Year of Biodiversity, and people all over the world are working to
safeguard this irreplaceable natural wealth and reduce biodiversity loss.

Rwanda’s capital Kigil was the global host for World
Environment Day (WED) 2010 in conjunction with the celebration of the annual
‘Kwita Izina’ ceremony (which means giving names to Baby gorillas), under the
theme, ‘Many Species, One Planet, One Future’, in an exciting event at the foot
of the Virunga Mountains, shared by Rwanda, DRC and Uganda. Rwanda is home to
about 1/3 of the 750 endangered mountain gorillas left in the wild. Since 2005,
103 baby gorillas have been named and this year 11 gorillas were named on the
eve of WED, 2010.


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Biological diversity encompasses all species of plants,
animals and microorganisms and the ecosystems and ecological processes of which
they are part. It provides the basis for life on earth. The fundamental, social,
ethical, cultural and economic values of these resources have been recognized in
religion, art and literature from the earliest days of recorded history. Wild
species and the genetic variations within them make substantial contribution to
the development of agriculture, medicine and industry. Perhaps, even more
important, many species have been fundamental to stabilization of climate,
protection of watersheds, protection of soil and the protection of nurseries and
breeding grounds. Only 13% species are supposed to be known of the world’s
existing microbial resources covering algae, bacteria, fungi, lichens, viruses
and protozoa. Diversity of microorganisms is preserved through culture
collections, to be used beneficially in mining for metals, getting rid of
methane from coal mines, cleaning up of oil spills, creating perfumes,
monitoring air pollution, controlling insect pests, destroying pesticides in the
soil, etc.

Yet, some 100 species, out of the earth’s 30-50 million
species are being lost each day under agriculture schemes, cities, industrial
developments and dams or through pollution and erosion. A total of 17,291
species are known to be threatened with extinction – from little known plants
and insects to birds and mammals. Many species disappear before they are even
discovered. Humans are among only a handful of species whose population is
growing, while most animals and plants are becoming rarer and fewer.

Man has always been fascinated by the diversity of life.
Hunter-gatherers celebrated it through paintings in their caves. Gautama Buddha
was born in a sacred forest of Sal trees and attained enlightenment meditating
under a Peepal tree. The Bishnois of Rajasthan project antelopes as their blood
brothers and President Theodore Roosevelt spearheaded the drive to protect
American wilderness through national parks. At the same time people have often
ruthlessly wiped out life in all its diversity. Mammoths were exterminated by
hunter-gatherers during the last ice-age, and the bison was wiped out from
American prairies by white settlers.

People have used and abused life with all its diversity over
the ages, but never had diversity been a focus of worldwide attention. The rich
and powerful in the global community have just realized its enormous economic
potential.

The ancient scriptures are full of saying, justifying the
need of survival of all life forms. The environmental consciousness shown by
king Ashoka, the traditions being followed by the Bishnoi cult of Rajasthan, and
the commitments reflected in the Chipko Movement are all examples of heightened
awareness of the common man. However, the environmental consciousness of the
people is often marred by their poverty and basic needs of survival. Their
day-to-day need of fuel has led to cutting of forests. Tigers, deers,
crocodiles, rhinoceros and other wild life are diminishing. The trade in the
carcasses of endangered animals continues only because of the need of certain
people to adorn them.

The intense pressure on biological diversity is a direct
reflection of increasing human numbers. These pressures are expected to increase
until population stabilizes, as projected by the United Nations by about the
year 2050 – 2070 at about 10 billion. Such stabilization will be achieved only
if present efforts to curtail population growth are pursued vigorously.

The theme of WED 2010, ‘Many Species, One Planet, One
Future’, echoes the urgent call to conserve the diversity of life on our planet.
A world without biodiversity is a very bleak prospect. Millions of people and
millions of species all share the same planet, and only together we can enjoy a
safer and more prosperous future.

The United Nations (UN) General Assembly created World
Environment Day (WED) in 1972 to promote environmental awareness. This day is
celebrated each year on June 5th. The UN takes this time to reach
out to anyone and everyone who has a concern for the great world that surrounds
them and provides for them each and everyday. WED is also used as a way for the
UN to heighten political perception that will hopefully propel action. The theme
for this year’s World Environment Day is “Many Species. One Planet. One Future.”

United Nations Environment Programme

World Environment Day is about taking action and doing
something to improve the world around us. By adapting the daily routine with
simple changes the world will be a better place to live for all.

  1. Conserve water. By not letting water run while we brush
    our teeth, shave, wash dishes, and many other water wasting activities we
    can conserve water. Just by not running water while brushing mourning breath
    away saves 3 gallons every time.

  2. Insulate the water heater. This conserves energy.

  3. Pack daily lunches in reusable containers.

  4. Turn off lights and unplug appliances and other energy
    draining items such as phone charges. By conserving energy air pollution is
    decreased.

  5. Shop with cloth bags not only at grocery stores but also
    department stores, clothing stores, and anywhere else the family shops.

  6. Recycle.

  7. Plant trees.

These seven changes to the daily routine might not sound like
much but remember that every change made increases the chance of a biodiversity
lasting. These seven changes are not the only ones the UNEP lists on their
website, Unep.org. They have other great tools as well to help people improve
carbon footprints. The UN has declared this year as the International Year of
Biodiversity. Take June 5, 201 to not only become informed about the environment
and the issues that affect the world but to start making changes to ensure that
the generations coming will have a chance to live a life full of biodiversity.

Tropical rainforests are home to many of the
strangest-looking animals. We have heard of some of them; jaguars, toucans,
parrots, gorillas, all make their homes in tropical rainforests. In fact, about
half of all the world’s species live in tropical rainforests. Scientists
estimate that there are more than 50 million different species of invertebrates
living in rainforests; those are keeping balance of this earth for which we are
surviving in this planet. The cutting down of trees is one of the vital reasons
for species extinction. Today tropical rainforests are disappearing from the
face of the globe because of global warming. Despite growing international
concern, rainforests continue to be destroyed at a pace exceeding 80,000 acres
(32,000 hectares) per day.

Thousands of monkeys and other primates are traded illegally
on the international market each year, wanted for their fur, as pets, or for
scientific research. Parrots and macaws are popular pets; buyers will pay up to
$10,000 for one bird. King of the jungle, the Jaguar, is in danger of becoming
extinct due to highly valued far for use on coats and shoes.

We have to try if we don’t want to cry. If we don’t take
necessary steps one day we will also be extinct like the dinosaurs. World does
not change until individuals change. Gandhi and Mendala, both stand up for the
truth that harnesses a universal awareness as they did so. The time is to act
now-Join the “Unite Campaign” and send out a message to the world that we need
to unite, agree to save all species before it is too late.

We must organise activities that promote calls among our
communities, schools and organisations to pledge to save all species in this
world. Global Warming is destroying Earth’s biodiversity and native ecosystems;
so, we should:

  1. Reduce use of fossil fuels;

  2. Protect native forests as “carbon storehouses”;

  3. Help plant native trees in urban and deforested areas;

  4. They reduce soil erosion and water pollution;

  5. They provide habitat for native wildlife (including
    songbirds);

  6. They improve human health by producing oxygen and
    improving air quality; and,

  7. They reduce home energy needs by providing shade in
    summer and a windbreak in winter

There are thousand of trees in the forests . “Who planted the
trees?” The chances are high it was an elephant, a primate or a fruit-eating
bird or bat. Think of each tree as the result of an ecological event – an animal
once ate a seed – maybe centuries ago – and a few weeks later, a seedling grew
from a pile of poo.

No animals-no trees, no trees-no oxygen, no oxygen-no life.
How will we survive? It follows then that to ensure permanence in forest carbon,
we must ensure these ecological events keep happening. Ergo, hunting must be
controlled just as logging, charcoal making and clearance for agriculture must
be controlled if a healthy forest is to endure.

To protect penguins on the rapidly warming Antarctic
Peninsula, regulators need to ensure the survival of krill, their food, and
winter ice as area is ice-free for about four months.

We must put ban on plastic bags like Rwanda for restoration
natural rain forests as part of a chimpanzee conservation programme.

By reading, learning and covey message to others about the
importance of biodiversity and its extinction’s bad effect, everybody can be
aware and will work together to save our beloved earth.

Greed is what is destroying this world! COP15 summit success
is less. The UNEP Conference is being held in Bonn, from May 31 to June 11,2010.
We eagerly waiting to get proper solutions specially from the rich
countries for all species’ survival in this planet.

Everything started for the ‘big bang’ and everything will end
with the ‘worst bang’. We don’t want to be extinct so soon. Every nation should
unite as a war is coming… So, I call whole world to work together for the better
living of all the species so that “Many Species, One Planet. One Future” can be
obtained for our beloved planet.

Around the globe, awareness of the need to protect the
environment has grown exponentially since the United Nations started its first
Conference on the Human Environment on June 5, 1972. The conference led to the
observance of the first World Environment Day a year later. These days
governments are implementing policies that reduce carbon footprints, promote
energy efficiency, preserve natural habitats and save endangered species from
extinction.

But awareness has not eliminated the threats to many aspects
of the environment. Developing countries have often had to sacrifice
environmental protection in the name of poverty alleviation and economic
development. Advanced economies have opposed certain initiatives to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions. Endangered species continue to be threatened by
hunters, poachers, and the destruction of their habitat. Even well-meaning
efforts to preserve certain species and protect the environment have had
unintended adverse consequences.

This year’s theme for World Environment Day is in keeping
with the observance of 2010 as the year of biodiversity: many species, one
planet, one future. The Philippines, which is home to the so-called center of
the center of marine biodiversity, the Verde Island Passage, has a
responsibility to protect what remains of nature’s blessings.

Over the past decades, the country has lost much of its
forest cover and extensive coral networks. With limited funding, personnel and
resources, environmental protection efforts have achieved only modest
success. Experts have managed to prevent the extinction of certain species such
as the Philippine Eagle and the mouse deer, but smaller species of flora and
fauna continue to disappear.

Environmental neglect has taken its toll on the nation, in
terms of dwindling food supplies, endangered livelihoods, increased health
risks, deadly mudslides and massive flooding. The country has joined the
international community in the battle to save the planet, but more needs to be
done. On World Environment Day, that commitment must be reaffirmed, backed by
more resources and political will.

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