(Premium) Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine: February 2013

Premium – Gist of Kurukshetra Magazine: February 2013


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The government implements a wide range of programmes for the
welfare and development of rural population. The Ministry of Rural Development
also has a large number of schemes and programmes. The investment under these
programmes has grown at a compounded annual rate of growth of 26.8% from Rs.
7169 crores in 2001-02 to Rs. 76376 crores crores in 201213. These programmes
aim to improve the quality of life of rural households by providing them
infrastructure for roads, housing, drinking water and sanitation, opportunities
for income, employment, skill development, social security and support for
proper management of natural resources. People’s institutions like Gram Sabhas/
Ward Sabhas are assigned a pivotal role in planning and implementation of these
programmes along with the Panchayati Raj Institutions.


A plethora of measures are required to educate the people
about their rights, entitlements and procedures to avail them under various
programmes, forge partnerships between the people and government institutions,
strengthen inter-departmental coordination, prepare village development plans,
monitor and audit their implementation in accordance with the provisions of the
programmes, and reinforce village unity and harmony by eliminating barriers of
caste and class. It is also imperative to build the capacity of the implementing
agencies to expand their outreach and become more responsive to the needs of the
people in order to make the utilization of programme resources more efficient
and meaningful.

Department of Rural Development, Government of India
provides financial assistance to National Institute of Rural Development,
Hyderabad, 28 State institutes of Rural Development (SIRDs) and 89 Extension
Training Centers (ETCs) in the States. These institutions are responsible
for training and capacity building of the implementing agencies including
the Panchayati Raj “Institutions, officials, resource persons, members of
Self Help Groups and volunteers. NIRD conducts action research, training
programmes, both off and in campus, and organizes workshops, conferences and
seminars to facilitate implementation of rural development programmes. The
SIRDs have five core faculty members who are fully paid by Government of
India. Because of the progressive expansion of the rural development
programmes, the training needs have grown considerably. NIRD needs to
increase its role in organization of off campus training programmes in the
States and work in closer partnership with SIRDs to meet the training needs
of the flagship programmes.

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