Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and Answer – 18

Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and

(Public Administration Paper I / Chapter: Development Dynamics)

(Current Based) Question
: Anti-development thesis represents a final break from the traditional paradigm
of development. Comment. (20 Marks/250 Words)

Model Answer :

The traditional model, proponent of which was Mahalanobis in India aimed at
high industrial growth, the fruits of which were expected to percolate to other
sectors and hence to the lower strata of the population. Explicit trust in the
market forces has been characteristic of the traditional model, however with
their mandate limited to profitability there has been little consideration for
ecological limits of aspects of equity. Over the years the income disparity gaps
have been widening and these have been further accentuated with digital divides
and other technological divides.

Anti-development approach propagates a shift from a conventional top down
approach to a more inclusive vision of development incorporating the indigenous
cultures and traditions that value the ecology and depend on it for their
sustenance. It also emphasizes the need to recognize the local governing
structures instead of imposition of foreign and alien models on them.

The traditional model has often lacked respect for diversity which the
anti-development approach highlights and with emphasis on decentralization it
would not have a homogeneous character. However, even though the
anti-development model maintained a distanced stance from the traditional
development tools, over time it has leveraged the existing systems in order to
meet its ends. Some examples are the incorporation of an Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) while giving an environmental clearance for any development
project. EIA must also adopt a participatory approach with engagement of all
stakeholders at the planning stage. Forest Rights Act has been another
empowering tool at the hands of indigenous communities to exercise control over
their natural resources and not be subject to exploitation at the hands of
market forces.
(Total Words- 270)

(Linkages : Anti-development thesis and traditional paradigm of
development, Anti-development thesis and inclusive vision of development,
Anti-development thesis and indigenous culture and tradition, Anti-development
thesis and decentralization))

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