Subject: Ancient Indian History
Topic: Gupta & Post-Gupta Period: Society, Economy & Polity
Contents of The Topic:
Taxes in Gupta Period
Various Commentary & Bhasya
Facts about ancient literature
Sixteen Mahajanpadas (600 BC)
Names of Gods & Goddesses
Facts About Inscription
Boghag Koi Inscription
Indian History – Boks and Authors
Study Notes of G.S. Paper 1
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|Annada||Grain-giver, refer to Sudras|
|Apad Dharma||Literally means “Duly when in stress” implies
what a man may legitimately do when he cannot earn a living by the
normal deeds performed by his class.
|Brahmadeys||Land grant/ a single plot of land or whole of
village to an in individual Brahmin or a group of Brahmins.
|Devdana||Land grants to religious establishment (temple
|Dvija||Literally means “twiceborn”. Referred to the
three upper classes vig. Brahmans, Kshatriyas and Vaisyas who were
supposed to be born twice, once at their natural birth and again at
their initiation, when they were invested with the sacred thread and
received into the Aryan society.
|Ghatikas||south Indian education Institutions|
|Ghatiyantra||Irrigation device (Ref. fromBanabhatta)|
|Hinasippas Low profession Hypergamous system of
marriage based on the concept of noble-born stated by Ballala sena.
|Kutumbin||Important member of village, having landed
|Manigraman||An important guild in Kerela|
|Nagaraka||Urban people of refined culture during the Gupta
|Nanadeshi||Guild of teachers having membership from
different regions and castes
|Niyoga (Livirate)||The practice of allowing a widow to cohabit with
her husband’s younger brother till the birth of a male child prohibited
by Dharmashastra from Gupta period onwards.
|Shrotriyas||Learned Brahmins who had the knowledge of Vedas.|
|Stridhana||Property in the form of jewelers etc. Over which
the right of the women was recognised . After the omen’s death it passed
over to her daughter.
|Varnasrama||A general norm of conduct appropriate to each
class and to each sage in dharma the life of the individual
|Vidusaka||The court jester in the Sanskrit drama, a figure
of fun, invariably a Brahman
Taxes in Gupta Period
- Sulka – Customs & tolls
- Sadbhaga – Land revenue (Ref. Kautilya)
- Bhaga – Royal share of produce 1/6 of the total,
first reference in Arthashastra
- Bhoga – Periodica l supplies of fruit, flowers,
firewood etc. to the king(in the nature of kings rights & privileges)
- Bali a) A type of land revenue b) A
tpetty cess besides kings normal share-Arthasastra
& oppressive tax- Ref. Jaakas
tax from which chief Ministe4s were exempted –ref. Millind Panho
- Bhaga Bhoga- Landrevenue and supplies of first flower
etc. to the king Bhogabhaga.
A tax in addition to grain share.
Oppressive in nature.
Finds mention in law books, arthsastra and
Gift of commodities (dravyadanam) –Ref.
Fixed gold payment (bhuminiyatam deyam
Charges upon all movable and immovable
Annual tax paid during Bhadrapada & Vasanta-
Contribution from villagers and townsmen
Tax in cash upon some special types of crops,
sometimes cash crops.
1/10 of the total-Ref. Manu & Vishnu
1/50 of the total-Ref. Patanjali
Makes a King wealthy-Ref. Patanjali
Regular in post-mauryan times
Mantioned in Gupta in epigraphs
Payment in gold/ tax on the capita generated
Came into vogue during the Guptas.
A tax on temporary tenants
First mentioned in Gupta epigraphs.
A tax on permanent tenants
Sometimes a ax for maintenance of police.
Sometimes a tax on fish and other water
Test Your Knowledge
|1. Consider the following statements and mark the
option which is true.
Which of the above are incorrect ?
|2. Match the following:
(i) Ghatiyantra A.
(a) (i)-A (ii)-B (iii)-C
Answer of Question 1: C
Answer of Question 2: B
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