Sample Materials for CSAT Paper -1 (G.S.) Pre 2013: “Environment and Ecology: Copenhagen Climate Council (2007) & Summit (2009)”

Materials From Our Study Notes for CSAT Paper -1 (G.S.) Pre 2013

Subject: Environment and Ecology
Topic: Copenhagen Climate Council (2007) & Summit (2009)

The Copenhagen Climate Council is a global collaboration
between international business and science founded by the leading
independent think tank in Scandinavia, Monday Morning, based in Copenhagen.
The councilors of the Copenhagen Climate Council have come together to
create global awareness of the importance of the UN Climate Summit (COP15)
in Copenhagen, December 2009, and to ensure technical and public support and
assistance to global decision makers when agreeing on a new climate treaty
to replace the Kyoto Protocol from 1997.


The Copenhagen Climate Council was founded in 2007 by the
leading independent think tank in Scandinavia, Monday Morning,
head-quartered in Copenhagen, Denmark.


The purpose of the Copenhagen Climate Council is to
create global awareness of the importance of the UN Climate Summit (COP15)
in Copenhagen, December 2009. Leading up to this pivotal UN meeting, the
Copenhagen Climate Council works on presenting innovative yet achievable
solutions to climate change, as well as assess what is required to make a
new global treaty effective. The Council will seek to promote constructive
dialogue between government and business, so that when the world’s political
leaders and negotiators meet in Copenhagen, they will do so armed with the
very best arguments for establishing a treaty that can be supported by
global business. By promoting and demons-trating innovative, positive, and
meaningful business leadership and ideas, the Copenhagen Climate Council
aims to demonstrate that achieving an effective global climate treaty is not
only possible, but necessary. The strategy is built upon the following

  • Creating international awareness of the importance of
    the Copenhagen UN Climate Summit and the successor treaty to the Kyoto

  • Promoting constructive dialogue between government,
    business, and science.

  • Inspiring global business leaders by demonstrating
    that tackling climate change also has the potential to create huge
    opportunities for innovation and economic growth.


Published in November 2007, on the eve of the UN COP13
Climate Change Conference in Bali – the instigation night of the Bali Road
Map. The document outlines what the Council believes is required to tackle
climate change and how this can be achieved through a new global treaty. The
Manifesto articulates a clear goal for the maximum level of greenhouse gases
in the atmosphere by 2050. The document will serve as input at the World
Business Summit on Climate Change, outlining key elements for further
discussion and inclusion in the recommendations to be delivered to the UN


Copenhagen Climate Council comprises 30 global climate
leaders representing business, science, and public policy from all parts of
the world.

  • Business leaders are selected to represent global
    companies and innovative entrepreneurs, who, through their actions,
    reveal that sustainable, climate-responsible business is both necessary
    and profitable.

  • Scientists are gathered to ensure that the work of
    the Council is underpinned by rigorous analysis.

  • Policy makers with experience in public policy are
    included in the Council to ensure that the work is informed by knowledge
    of what is required to assist high-level, complex policy negotiations.


The central aim of the Copenhagen Climate Council is to
create global awareness to the urgency of reaching a global agreement on how
to tackle climate change at the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen,
December 2009. To achieve this end, the Copenhagen Climate Council provides
a Web 2.0 climate website – ‘The Climate Community’ – which features latest
climate news, intelligence, solutions and points of view, an online climate
community, as well as the rest of the Copenhagen Climate Council activities,
such as the ‘World Business Summit on Climate Change’; launching the
‘Thought Leadership Series’; launching the ‘Climate LIFE’ film, book, and
digital exhibition; co-hosting with CITRIS the scientific conference
‘Unlocking the Climate Code: Innovation in Climate and Energy’; and the
Poznan side event ‘Business Requirements of a Post-2012 Climate Treaty’.
Recently, the Copenhagen Climate Council has also hosted a Business
Roundtable in Beijing.

The Climate Community

The Climate Community is the official website of the
Copenhagen Climate Council. The website is based on Web 2.0 principles, and
hooks the user up with the worlds leading climate stakeholdersand offers
possibility for the user to give voice and influence the global climate
agenda. The Climate Community aims to bring the latest and most relevant
news, insights, and intelligence that equips the user to navigate the
climate challenges and turn risks into opportunities. The Climate Community
features an extensive news section with Top Stories, Daily News Summaries,
Points of Views, and a Weekly Roundup, searchable by date, region and

Exclusive news features so far include interviews with
U.S. Energy Secretary Steve Chu, UN Climate Chief Yvo de Boer, the Danish
Climate minister Connie Hedegaard, IPCC Chairman Rajendra Pachauri,
Professor Daniel Kammen, Lars Josefsson, CEO of Vattenfall. The Climate
Community also features regular updates on the COP15 negotiation process and
important upcoming events. The unique content on Community also includes
selected and in-depth descriptions of innovative business solutions. A
valuable feature on the Community is the Climate Intelligence Archive, which
selects and list key international policies, research reports, government
agencies, NGOs, inspiring media sources, and upcoming climate events.

The Climate Community also hosts an online Virtual
Summit, which is an integral part of the World Business Summit on Climate
Change to take place in May 2009. The Virtual Summit will facilitate
knowledge sharing and collaboration, as well as be a testing ground for new
ideas and partnerships through interactive web 2.0 tools.

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World Business Summit on Climate Change

The World Business Summit on Climate Change takes place six months prior
to the pivotal UN climate change conference (COP15) in Copenhagen, December
2009. The summit brings together business chief executives with the world’s
top scientists, economists, civil society, media leaders, government
represen-tatives and other leading thinkers to put forward recommendations
for the next intern-ational framework on climate change to replace the Kyoto
Protocol after 2012. Among the prominent participants so far are Al Gore,
Chairman of Generation Investment Manage-ment; Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime
Minister of Denmark; and Sir Richard Branson, Founder and CEO of the Virgin

At the summit, chief executives will discuss how business can help solve
the climate crisis through innovative business models, new partnerships and
the development of low carbon technologies. They will send a message to the
negotiating governments on how to remove barriers and create incentives for
implementation of new solutions in a post-Kyoto. The results of the World
Business Summit on Climate Change will be presented to the Danish
government, host of COP15[2], and to world leaders negotiating the terms of
the next international climate treaty.

Thought Leadership Series

The Copenhagen Climate Council Thought Leadership Series on Climate
Change is a publication that will be published in hardcopy and on the
Copenhagen Climate Council Home Page in the lead up to the World Business
Summit on Climate Change in May 2009. The Thought Leadership Series presents
a collection of inspirational, concise and clearly argued pieces from some
of the world’s most renowned thinkers and business leaders on climate
change. The objective of the pieces is to assist in enhancing the public and
political awareness of the actions that could have a significant impact on
global emissions growth and to disseminate the message that it is time to
act hence a new UN climate treaty will be developed in December 2009. The
Thought Leadership Series is aimed at elucidating and creating awareness of
the key elements in the business and policy response to the climate problem.
The rationale for the Thought Leadership Series is firstly to change the
focus from stating we have a problem to communi-cating the solutions to the
problem, and secondly to show the potential and opportunities inherent in
tackling climate change. The themes of the Thought Leadership series are:

  • Tackling Emissions Growth: The Role of Markets and Government
  • Achieving low emissions energy systems in rapidly developing
  • Drawing down CO2 from the atmosphere
  • The role of city planning and buildings in tackling emissions growth
  • Achieving the capital investment required to tackle climate change
  • The CEO’s survival guide to climate change
  • Adapting to the impacts of climate change
  • Role of Information and Communi-cations Technology in Addressing
    Climate Change
  • Beyond a global agreement: Scenarios from the future

Climate LIFE

Climate LIFE is a film, book and digital exbition project initiated by
the Copenhagen Climate Council. Climate LIFE is intended to be “a virtual
tour of how communities across the globe can both fight climate change and
adapt to a warming world”. The purpose of Climate LIFE is to encourage
awareness of and appreciation for the human and commercial potential in a
low carbon future. The Copenhagen Climate Council With hopes for Climate
LIFE to act as a catalyst for a new public discourse on climate change.

Test Your Knowledge

1.Consider the
following statements:

  1. Green Climate fund is to distribute
    US$100 million per year to help poor countries adopt to
    climate inpacts.

  2. Green peace foundation is an part of
    United Nations.

Which of the above statements is/are
true ?

  1. Both 1 & 2

  2. 2 only

  3. Neither 1 nor 2

  4. 1 only

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    Study Material for IAS Pre 2013

Answer of Question 1: C

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