Sample Materials for CSAT Paper -1 (G.S.) Pre 2013: “Environment & Ecology: The National Bureau Of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR)”

Sample
Materials From Our Study Notes for CSAT Paper -1 (G.S.) Pre 2013

Subject: Environment and Ecology
Topic: The National Bureau Of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR)

The National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources has its
Headquarters at New Delhi, located at latitude of 28° 35’ N, longitude of
70° 18’ E and an altitude of 226 m above mean sea level. NBPGR functions
under the adminis-trative control of the Crop Science Division of the ICAR.
The Bureau draws guidelines from the Crop Science Division of ICAR, Bureau’s
Management Committee, Research Advisory Committee and Germplasm Advisory
Committees.

The Bureau has four Divisions, two units, three cells and
an experimental farm at its Headquarters in New Delhiand 10 regional/ base
stations located in different phyto-geographical zones of India. Besides
this, a National Research Centre on DNA fingerprinting and an All India
Coordinated Research Project on Under-utilized Crops are also located at the
Bureau.

Plant Exploration and Collection Division has the
objectives to plan, coordinate and conduct explorations for collecting
germplasm. Germplasm Evaluation Division is entrusted with the prime
responsibility of characterization and evaluation of all the indigenous and
exotic germplasm collections for their field performance and other important
traits like resistance to biotic/ abiotic stresses and phyto-chemical
attributes along with maintenance and regeneration. This division has an
experimental farm located at Issapur about 45 km from the main campus
covering an area of 40 ha. Germplasm Conservation Division is vested with
the task of conservation of germplasm of various crop plants, and to
undertake basic research on various aspects of seed storage and longevity.
Plant Quarantine Division has the power vested by Plant Protection Advisor
to the Government of India, under the Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Import
into India) Order 2003 under the Destructive Insects and Pests Act (1914),
to carry out quarantine of the plant germplasm imported for research
purposes. It also undertakes the quarantine of material under export and
issues the phytosanitary certificate. Germplasm Exchange Unit has the
responsibility of introducing genetic resources of diverse crop plants and
their wild relatives and distributing the same within the country, and also
exports the germplasm. There is also a Tissue Culture and Cryopreservation
Unit, with the main objective to conserve economic plants, for which
conventional methods of storage are unsuccessful or inadequate, through in
vitro and cryopreservation techniques. In addition, the Bureau has three
cells, namely PGR Policy, Agriculture Research Information System and
Technical Cell.

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The NRCDF has facilities for molecular fingerprinting of
released varieties and genetic stocks of crop plants of India. It has the
objectives of standardization of molecular marker systems for DNA profiling
and their application in variety identification. The NBPGR Headquarters,
along with the network of 11 regional /base/ satellite stations covering
different agro-climatic regions, and the linkages with 59 National Active
Germplasm Sites constitute the Indian Plant Genetic Resource Management
System.

Mandate

To act as nodal institute at national level for
acquisition and management of indigenous and exotic plant genetic resources
for food and agriculture, and to carry out related research and human
resource development, for sustainable growth of agriculture.

Objectives of NBPGR

  • To plan, organize, conduct and coordinate exploration
    and collection of indigenous and exotic plant genetic resources.

  • To undertake introduction, exchange and quarantine of
    plant genetic resources.

  • To characterize, evaluate, document and conserve crop
    genetic resources and promote their use, in collaboration with other
    national organizations.

  • To develop information network on plant genetic
    resources.

  • To conduct research, undertake teaching and training,
    develop guide-lines and create public awareness on plant genetic
    resources.

Test Your Knowledge

1.Consider the
following statements about National Bureau of plant Genetic
resources (NBPGR).

  1. NBPGR’s headquarter is in Nagpur.

  2. NBPGR functions under ICAR.

  3. The Bureau draws guidelines from the crop
    science division.

Which of the above statements is/are
true ?

  1. 2 & 3 only

  2. 1 & 2 only

  3. 3 only

  4. 1 & 3 only

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Answer of Question 1: A


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